Managing the New Workforce
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Managing the New Workforce

International Perspectives on the Millennial Generation

Edited by Eddy S. Ng, Sean Lyons and Linda Schweitzer

Shifting demographics around the world have created a unique historical phenomenon in which a large cohort of employees (i.e., post-war Baby Boomers) are nearing retirement, and a new cadre of younger workers are being recruited to replace them. These twenty-something year-olds, often referred to as ‘Gen Y’ or Millennials, represent the workforce of the future and come with their own set of expectations, demands, and work habits. The contributors to this volume, drawn from countries around the world, document the cultural, historical, and social context surrounding this phenomenon. The international perspective makes it possible to examine cross-cultural similarities and differences in HRM practices. This timely book provides an understanding of the new workforce in multiple countries and settings and a valuable reference as scholars and employers seek to understand the values, beliefs, and expectations of the next generation of workers.
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Chapter 12: Career success in the younger generation

Emma Parry, Julie Unite, Katharina Chudzikowski, Jon P Briscoe and Yan Shen


There has recently been increasing attention given in the popular press to the attributes of the younger generation–known as Millennials (Strauss and Howe, 1991), Generation Y or Nexters (Zemke et al., 2000). The media has dictated this group as having distinct characteristics when it comes to work and their careers. As Lyons et al. (2007, p. 339) suggest “despite the popularity of this topic, there has been relatively little academic work either to confirm or refute popular generational stereotypes.” The recent literature on careers has suggested a significant shift in the nature of careers from traditional, linear careers within few organizations to “boundaryless” and self- directed careers (Arthur and Rousseau, 1996; Briscoe and Hall, 2006a, 2006b). These changes might mean that the concept of career success and the factors that have an impact on the achievement of that success have also changed (Dries et al., 2008). This chapter addresses the need for research about the Millennial generation, which has entered the workforce during this time of contemporary career structures. We investigate three main research questions: first, how do individuals from the younger generation conceptualize career success? Second, what are the factors influencing the conceptualization of career success? And third, how do the findings of the previous two questions differ across countries? We shall do this by first examining the literature on Millennials and on contemporary careers. We shall then establish the need for cross- cultural research in this area before presenting the results from our own study looking at career success within Millennials across a number of different countries. Finally, we draw conclusions as to how our results contribute to the literature on both Millennials and careers more generally.

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