Chapter 30: Population ageing and private sector provision: the case of dependent older women in Latin America
In recent decades, the increase in life expectancy at advanced ages, changes in family behaviours and structures, as well as the increasing rates of female participation in the labour force, have challenged the ability of families to support older people requiring care. Since the 1990s, OECD countries have expanded the scope of their public and private services for the dependent older population. In accordance with the principle of ‘Ageing at Home’, developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), they introduced community-based long-term care services. These kinds of transformations are at an early stages – or have not yet started – in middle-income countries, with advanced demographic ageing in Asia and Latin America. This chapter discusses the ability of Latin American families, in countries with moderate and advanced population ageing, to provide adequate eldercare with no help from the state or the civil society. The analysis shows empirical evidence from the national statistics system and the results of a case study conducted in Argentina.
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