Research Handbook on Money Laundering
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Research Handbook on Money Laundering

Edited by Brigitte Unger and Daan van der Linde

Although the practice of disguising the illicit origins of money dates back thousands of years, the concept of money laundering as a multidisciplinary topic with social, economic, political and regulatory implications has only gained prominence since the 1980s. This groundbreaking volume offers original, state-of-the-art research on the current money laundering debate and provides insightful predictions and recommendations for future developments in the field.
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Chapter 26: The risk-based approach to anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing in international and EU standards: what it is, what it entails

Paolo Costanzo


The ‘rule-based’ and the ‘risk-based’ are two approaches to the implementation of Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) systems. They affect areas like the scope of AML/CFT legislation (for example, in relation to the identification of obliged entities and of the measures they should apply), the type and intensity of the preventive measures (this is typically the case for customer due diligence (CDD) obligations), and the extent and nature of controls performed by competent authorities. It is important to stress, on the other hand, that other components of the AML/CFT system like, for example the criminalization of money laundering and terrorist financing and the obligation to report suspicious transactions or confiscation measures are not risk-sensitive and therefore do not in principle vary depending on whether a risk-or rule-based approach has been followed.

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