Migration Impact Assessment
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Migration Impact Assessment

New Horizons

Edited by Peter Nijkamp, Jacques Poot and Mediha Sahin

During the last few decades the world has experienced an unprecedented level of cross-border migration. While this has generated significant socio-economic gains for host countries, as well as sometimes for the countries of origin, the costs and benefits involved are unevenly distributed. Consequently, growing global population mobility is a hotly debated topic, both in the political arena and by the general public. Amidst a plethora of facts, opinions and emotions, the assessment of migration impacts must be grounded in a solid scientific evidence base. This analytical book outlines and applies a range of the scientific methods that are currently available in migration impact assessment (MIA). The book provides various North American and European case studies that quantify socio-economic consequences of migration for host societies and for immigrants themselves.
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Chapter 13: Migration impact assessment: retrospect and prospect


We live in the ‘age of migration’ and social scientists have responded with an avalanche of research on international migration in recent years. The examples of Migration Impact Assessment (MIA) in the first chapter of this book and in the case studies that followed in Chapters 2 to 12 have amply demonstrated that much has already been learnt about the impacts of the massive migration flows that the world has witnessed in recent decades. There remain, however, many questions and a great demand to continue to address comprehensively, both theoretically and empirically, the global, national and local dimensions of immigration. This is not only important scientifically, but also because a lack of evidence and misinformation can lead to prejudice and negative perceptions, and sometimes even hostile attitudes, due to the perceived externalities inherent in the rising immigration flows into urban agglomerations. Against this background, the present book offered an overview of recent studies that sought to address the socio-economic impacts of immigration on host countries, regions or cities on the basis of a systematic MIA. Migration flows have become increasingly diverse in terms of motives (job, family, asylum, education, retirement and so on) and in terms of migrant characteristics (nationality/ethnicity, education/skills, gender, age, profession and so on).

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