Handbook on Waste Management
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Handbook on Waste Management

Edited by Thomas C. Kinnaman and Kenji Takeuchi

The significant challenges associated with managing waste continues to attract international scholarly attention. This international handbook scrutinizes both developed and developing economies. It comprises original contributions from many of the most prominent scholars researching this topic. Consisting primarily of empirical research efforts – though theoretical underpinnings are also explored thoroughly – the handbook serves to further the understanding of the behaviors of waste generators and waste processors and the array of policies influencing these behaviors.
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Chapter 7: Industrial waste shipments and trade restrictions

Toshiaki Sasao


In many countries, industrial waste generated in one area is often transported to other areas for disposal. Some waste is even moved across state or prefecture jurisdictions. This is a natural occurrence from the stand-point of economic efficiency. However, as Sasao (2004a, 2004b) reveals, the public has a negative view of the disposal of waste, particularly industrial waste, originating from outside of their community even though the pollution level generated from waste disposal is similar to that of waste originating from inside of their community. This is the so-called not in my backyard (NIMBY) syndrome that results in certain local governments, such as states or prefectures, imposing waste trade restrictions on shipments of industrial waste even though the national government permits it. In Japan, for example, more than half the prefectures restrict free interprefectural shipments of industrial waste in order to proactively control and reduce waste inflow, despite the Japanese government permitting it. In addition, more than half the prefectures enforce a local waste tax called the industrial waste tax, mainly to promote the reduction, reuse, and recycling (3Rs) principle and proper industrial waste disposal, although the national government does not enforce these policies. The introduction of an industrial waste taxation is relevant to waste trade restrictions because some prefectures discuss industrial waste taxation as a part of waste control. Note that waste trade restriction and industrial waste taxation are not implemented in urban areas, including the Tokyo metropolitan area and Osaka.

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