Lifelong Learning in Europe
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Lifelong Learning in Europe

National Patterns and Challenges

Edited by Ellu Saar, Odd Bjørn Ure and John Holford

Combining qualitative and quantitative methods in a wide-ranging international comparative study, the book explores how far the EUs lifelong learning agenda has been successful and what factors have limited its ability to reshape national adult and lifelong learning systems. The chapters also look at adults’ participation in formal education, what they see as the obstacles to taking part, and the nature of their demand for learning opportunities.
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Chapter 11: Why are the participation rates in lifelong learning so low in Hungary?

Péter Róbert, Saida Ayupova and Szilvia Altorjai


According to the rank order of nations in various comparative datasets (Adult Education Survey, Labour Force Survey ad hoc module on LLL – lifelong learning), Hungary is among the last in regard to participation rates in formal adult learning. Country typologies developed in the framework of the ‘Towards a Lifelong Learning Society in Europe: The Contribution of the Education System’ (LLL2010) project (Hefler et al. 2011) empirically confirm Hungary’s poor placement in the league tables. In accordance to the main focal points of the project, five aspects expected to influence the practice of formal adult learning activities at the level of the individual will be investigated in this chapter.

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