Lifelong Learning in Europe
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Lifelong Learning in Europe

National Patterns and Challenges

Edited by Ellu Saar, Odd Bjørn Ure and John Holford

Combining qualitative and quantitative methods in a wide-ranging international comparative study, the book explores how far the EUs lifelong learning agenda has been successful and what factors have limited its ability to reshape national adult and lifelong learning systems. The chapters also look at adults’ participation in formal education, what they see as the obstacles to taking part, and the nature of their demand for learning opportunities.
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Conclusion: lifelong learning as a social field and entrance point to policy-making for education and training

Ellu Saar, John Holford and Odd Bjørn Ure


The importance attached to adult education institutions throughout this book leads to a discussion of structures and institutional agency. The analyses of lifelong learning (LLL) at a micro, meso and macro level emphasize both institutional and socio-personal processes, including their implications for policy-making. By treating LLL as a social field, institutional perspectives on social change and path-dependency are displayed. This necessitates looking further into the social science perspectives, and our concluding remarks start with a retrospective of them.

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