European Cities and Global Competitiveness
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European Cities and Global Competitiveness

Strategies for Improving Performance

Edited by Peter Karl Kresl and Daniele Ietri

The volume begins with an Introduction, followed by a set of three papers in Part Two examining European urban competitiveness from the standpoints of measurement and policy. This section also provides a case study of the cities of one country โ€“ Italy โ€“ from which the reader can gain an understanding of the current position of European cities as well as what might be possible going forward. Experience has shown that perhaps the most crucial element in competitiveness enhancement is good and effective governance. To that end, Part Three examines structural aspects of urban government, including polycentric regions, wide metropolitan cooperation, the role of social actors and territorial aggregation. Part Four treats issues of innovation from two perspectives and provides a case study from Eindhoven, while also covering social issues such as demographics, participation, social exclusion and mobility.
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Chapter 12: Competitiveness, sustainability and urban energy use: some lessons for Europe from the Mexican experience

Jaime Sobrino


This chapter deals with an exploratory study on the relationship between energy, competitiveness and sustainability, using Mexico and its largest cities as a case study. An analysis of the national energy balance and the use of two indicators on the efficiency and efficacy in the use of energy will be carried out for that purpose. The concept of urban competitiveness and its relationship with the production and consumption of energy in the Mexican cities is introduced. The results of that exploration reveal the paradoxical character of urban sustainability based on the use and consumption of energy, where the larger the city size the bigger its efficiency in energy consumption into economic activity; but also the larger the city size the bigger its per-inhabitant consumption of energy by resident population.

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