Edited by Susan Vinnicombe, Ronald J. Burke, Stacy Blake-Beard and Lynda L. Moore
Chapter 1: Gender ratios in organizations: managerial and cross-cultural issues
Varying gender ratios in organizations referring to the percentage of female employees are important to explain structural and interpersonal dynamics and these different proportions reflect different opportunities and outcomes for male and female employees. Especially, the varying gender ratios in management teams are important and a reason for concern, since gender ratios are indicative of the position of women in management within the organization as well as related to important behaviors and outcomes of male and female managers (Van Emmerik et al., 2010). Moreover, old wisdom, that still holds, states that the ratio of men to women in an occupation (management) affects salary, mobility and psychological outcomes, resulting in an inverse relation between the proportion of women in a specific occupation and the salary of both men and women working in that occupation (Pfeffer and Davis-Blake,1987). Monitoring gender ratios is not a new issue; the importance of examining the differential effects of varying gender ratios in organizations was already recognized in the 1970s.
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