Handbook on Climate Change and Human Security
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Handbook on Climate Change and Human Security

Edited by Michael R. Redclift and Marco Grasso

The Handbook on Climate Change and Human Security is a landmark publication which links the complexities of climate change to the wellbeing and resilience of human populations. It is written in an engaging and accessible way but also conveys the state of the art on both climate change research and work into human security, utilizing both disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches. Organized around thematic sections, each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in the field, and discusses the key concepts and evidence base for our current policy choices, and the dilemmas of international policy in the field. The Handbook is unique in containing sophisticated ethical and moral questions as well as new information and data from different geographical regions. It is a timely volume that makes the case for acting wisely now to avert impending crises and global environmental problems.
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Chapter 9: The impact of climate change on human security in Latin America and the Caribbean

Úrsula Oswald Spring, Hans Günter Brauch, Guy Edwards and J. Timmons Roberts


Climate change is projected to have multiple impacts this century on international, national and human security. If ‘business as usual’ levels of greenhouse gas emissions continue, a catastrophic climate change scenario becomes increasingly possible, with climate hotspots (REC, 2011), water scarcity (UNEP, 2012), decline in food production, more extreme weather events (IPCC, 2012) and environmentally induced migration, particularly within and from Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) countries (Oswald Spring et al., 2013; Serrano Oswald et al., 2013). Physical and societal climate change impacts have been projected (IPCC, 2007, 2007a), but non-linear changes may trigger tipping points (Lenton et al., 2008), which could have geopolitical effects for international, national and human security. LAC is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change despite the fact that the region’s greenhouse gas emissions represent an estimated11 percent of the global total (IDB, 2012). Climate projections for LAC indicate that towards the end of the century, temperature increases will vary between 1 degree and 6 degrees, according to the particular emissions scenario and area concerned (Magrin et al., 2007).

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