Chapter 11: Climate change and human security in the Arctic
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It is no longer the case that climate change can be viewed as an environmental issue to be researched, discussed and potentially managed without consideration of the human dimensions. Indeed, the scientific consensus that climate change (as opposed to climate variability) is anthropogenic in its origins draws attention not only to its underlying human causes but to its social, cultural and economic impacts and consequences. This underscores the reality that climate change is a fundamentally human issue. This opening statement may seem obvious, given what we know about, how we respond to, and how we anticipate the impacts of climate change on societies across the world. However, the study of climate change is still often considered the prerogative of the physical and natural sciences and, to some extent, is still dominated by work on climate scenarios and global circulation models, with social scientists called upon by scientists and policy-makers to explain and justify exactly what they have to contribute to their refinement.

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