Strategies, Contexts and Challenges
Edited by Ken Shao and Xiaoqing Feng
Chapter 3: Implementation of China’s rejuvenation through knowledge
Although China once had brilliant achievements in science and technology, it lags far behind Western countries in modern times. Since the People’s Republic of China (‘the P.R. China’) was founded in 1949, the nation has attempted to overcome various challenges in its own development. In China today, the respect for and pursuit of knowledge and innovation are embodied in a set of laws, regulations and policies categorized into intellectual property or innovation, promotion of science and technology, education reform, talents cultivation, the protection of intellectual property rights and so on. All of these sail under the flag of ‘relying on knowledge to rejuvenate China’. This chapter provides a brief review of the P.R. China’s rejuvenation-through-knowledge policies, laws and practices. Part 1 outlines the relevant thoughts of China’s political leaders since the founding of new China. Part 2 discusses China’s policy framework of relying on knowledge to rejuvenate the nation in science and technology, human resources, education and intellectual property. Part 3 briefly covers the legal system of rejuvenating China relying on knowledge. Part 4 discusses the implementation of laws and policies on relying on knowledge to rejuvenate China, and points out some achievements China has made, and the problems needed to be overcome. The conclusion points out that China’s laws and policies on relying on knowledge to rejuvenate the nation change with time, the transformation of national economic systems and the change of the situations at home and abroad.
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