Constructing European Intellectual Property
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Constructing European Intellectual Property

Achievements and New Perspectives

Edited by Christophe Geiger

This detailed study presents various perspectives on what further actions are necessary to provide the circumstances and tools for the construction of a truly balanced European intellectual property system. The book takes as its starting point that the ultimate aim of such a system should be to ensure sustainable and innovation-based economic growth while enhancing free circulation of ideas and cultural expressions. Being the first in the European Intellectual Property Institutes Network (EIPIN) series, this book lays down some concrete foundations for a deeper understanding of European intellectual property law and its complex interplay with other fields of jurisprudence as well as its impact on a broad array of spheres of social interaction. In so doing, it provides a well needed platform for further research.
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Chapter 8: The simplification and codification of European legislation for the protection of geographical indications

Gail Elizabeth Evans


From the outset, the legislative rationale for the Community-wide protection of geographical indications (GI) was based upon the need to simplify the diversity of national laws protecting the various kinds of designations for agricultural products. In 1992 Regulation 2081 On the Protection of Geographical Indications and Designations of Origin for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs (GI Regulation) was enacted on the basis that codification would promote fair competition between producers and enhance consumer perceptions of product authenticity. The Regulation created a sui generis system of registration characterized by two of indications of source, Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGI), the PDO being distinguished from the PGI by the need for a stronger link between the product and the place of production. In coverage, the range of agricultural products permitted was reasonably broad, but applications in respect of foods were restricted to basic items such as meat, fish and dairy products.

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