Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples
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Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples

The Search for Legal Remedies

Edited by Randall S. Abate and Elizabeth Ann Kronk

Indigenous peoples occupy a unique niche within the climate justice movement, as many indigenous communities live subsistence lifestyles that are severely disrupted by the effects of climate change. Additionally, in many parts of the world, domestic law is applied differently to indigenous peoples than it is to their non-indigenous peers, further complicating the quest for legal remedies. The contributors to this book bring a range of expert legal perspectives to this complex discussion, offering both a comprehensive explanation of climate change-related problems faced by indigenous communities and a breakdown of various real world attempts to devise workable legal solutions. Regions covered include North and South America (Brazil, Canada, the US and the Arctic), the Pacific Islands (Fiji, Tuvalu and the Federated States of Micronesia), Australia and New Zealand, Asia (China and Nepal) and Africa (Kenya).
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Chapter 7: REDD+: its potential to melt the glacial resistance to recognize human rights and indigenous peoples’ rights at the World Bank

Leonardo A. Crippa


This chapter examines the human rights challenges facing the World Bank (the Bank) as it undertakes a role in climate change and carbon finance initiatives. The Bank is taking an increasingly central role as the gateway for carbon finance programs including projects for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+). A growing portion of the Bank’s funding is designated to address REDD+ projects, which allow investors to purchase carbon credits from developing countries with forest stocks. Much of the land targeted for REDD+ projects belongs to indigenous peoples. Both states and international intergovernmental organizations (IIOs) created and governed by states, such as the Bank, must respect human rights. There is a widely recognized international law obligation to respect human rights of all individuals subject to states’ jurisdiction.

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