The Search for Legal Remedies
Edited by Randall S. Abate and Elizabeth Ann Kronk
Chapter 20: The impacts of climate change on indigenous populations in China and legal remedies
China’s indigenous populations are primarily concentrated in the northeast, northwest, and southwest parts of the country due to a variety of natural and socio-cultural factors. For example, indigenous populations in southwest China include ethnicities such as Menba, Naxi, Hani, Shui, Zhuang, Miao and Yi. Most of these ethnicities have their own languages, characters and religious beliefs, and they work primarily in agriculture. Many of southwest China’s indigenous populations live in communities consisting primarily of people of their own ethnicity. Depending on where these different indigenous communities are located, there are significant regional differences in the natural environment where they reside. However, one thing is common: indigenous populations live primarily in ecologically sensitive areas. In China ecologically sensitive areas refer to various natural and cultural protection zones established in accordance with law, as well as areas particularly sensitive to certain types of pollutants or elements impacting the ecology from construction projects.
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