Edited by Nadirsyah Hosen
Chapter 12: Collective ijtihad on health issues in Indonesia
This chapter provides an example of how Muslim scholars are responding to the issue of modernity. It evaluates collective ijtihad in the Muslim world as a group effort to find answers. This is different to the early formation of Islamic schools of thought (maddhab) when individual scholars interpreted the Holy Books. The chapter provides examples of Indonesian collective fatwa on health issues such as organ transplant, vasectomy and IUDs (Intra-Uterine Devices). It can safely be stated that the institution of collective ijtihad is a viable tool through which a society can adjust itself to internal and external social, political, and economic change.
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