Research Handbook on Islamic Law and Society
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Research Handbook on Islamic Law and Society

Edited by Nadirsyah Hosen

The Research Handbook on Islamic Law and Society provides an examination of the role of Islamic law as it applies in Muslim and non-Muslim societies through legislation, fatwa, court cases, sermons, media, or scholarly debate. It illuminates the intersection of social, political, economic and cultural factors that inform Islamic Law across a number of jurisdictions. Chapters evaluate when and how actors and institutions have turned to Islamic law to address problems faced by societies in Muslim and, in some cases, Western states.
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Chapter 12: Collective ijtihad on health issues in Indonesia

Nadirsyah Hosen


This chapter provides an example of how Muslim scholars are responding to the issue of modernity. It evaluates collective ijtihad in the Muslim world as a group effort to find answers. This is different to the early formation of Islamic schools of thought (maddhab) when individual scholars interpreted the Holy Books. The chapter provides examples of Indonesian collective fatwa on health issues such as organ transplant, vasectomy and IUDs (Intra-Uterine Devices). It can safely be stated that the institution of collective ijtihad is a viable tool through which a society can adjust itself to internal and external social, political, and economic change.

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