The EU, the US and China – Towards a New International Order?
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The EU, the US and China – Towards a New International Order?

Edited by Men Jing and Wei Shen

The interaction between the EU, the US and China is of particular importance to the formation of the international order in the 21st century. This book focuses on the latest developments and examines how critical the interactions between these three players are to future global governance.
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Chapter 5: The EU and the G2: is a G3 possible?

Ramon Pacheco Pardo


The rise of China to great power status and beyond is already a major force shaping the international order. The superpower status of the United States certainly is another crucial element determining the configuration of this order. The relationship between China and the US is thus one of the essential dynamics influencing and determining the structural foundations of the international order, if not the most important one. Consequently, talk of a Sino-American G2 becoming one of the key institutions in global decision-making processes has become common. Both in academic and policy circles, discussions about the role of the G2 in dealing with all sorts of issues from the financial crisis to climate change abound. Talk about the G2 is potentially threatening to other great powers. If there is an expectation that China and the US will need to be involved in dealing with challenges to the international order, then there is a risk that the actions or words of other great powers will not receive due attention. Governments might decide to wait until the US and China have reached a common position before they decide on how to act. This would give the G2 a de facto veto power, to the detriment of other great powers that would see their standing and influence eroded.

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