Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities
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Regenerative Sustainable Development of Universities and Cities

The Role of Living Laboratories

Edited by Ariane König

Now that the Earth has reached the limits of its biophysical carrying capacity, we have to change technologies, social practices and social norms relating to material production and consumption to ensure that we do not further jeopardize the functioning of our planet’s life support systems. Through research, education and civic engagement, universities have a pivotal role to play in this transition. This timely book explores how universities are establishing living laboratories for sustainable development, and examines the communication networks and knowledge infrastructures that underpin impact both on and beyond the campus.
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Chapter 12: Campus planning for promoting quality of life in the community

Naomichi Kurata, Takao Ozasa, Takeshi Ueno and Hisashi Komatsu


Society, in which universities in Japan are embedded, faces a range of diverse structural problems. These include the progressive aging and the continued decrease of the population since 2005, the decline of domestic industry due to recession and the necessity of tackling environmental issues as represented by greenhouse gas emission control stipulated in the 1998 Kyoto Protocol. Universities are affected by the decline in the population of 18 year olds. There are many universities in a state of management crisis unable to procure students sufficiently due to the severe competition among universities. Our discussion is based on the work of the Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ,) since 1999. We first examine the necessary conditions for a campus master plan for realizing the mission of universities (AIJ, 2004)and then direct our attention toward the relationship between campuses and cities – specifically between campuses and the neighboring urban area(Kobayashi et al., 2008), and between academic activities and the activities and livelihoods of the local community (AIJ, 2011).

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