This chapter discusses the case of the University of Luxembourg, which is currently constructing a new university campus on a brownfield site located on the territory of Esch and Sanem (Belval). Whereas a lot of research has been done on the contribution of universities and research institutions in creating knowledge economies in cities and regions, and these contributions cast a certain light on how innovation, technology transfer and creativity can generate wealth and economic competitiveness in a city or a region, universities can also contribute to the redevelopment of a given territory. Hence, this chapter addresses two different perspectives: the regional economic, ‘knowledge-based’ development perspective, on the one hand, and particularly the urban development and planning dimension, on the other. In terms of regional economic, ‘knowledge-based’ development, there exist high hopes concerning job creation, wealth and innovation, not only for a specialized few (those who will be working there) but also in broader terms of urban and regional impact.
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