Opportunities, Barriers, Policy and Practice
Edited by Shane Fudge, Michael Peters, Steven M. Hoffman and Walter Wehrmeyer
Chapter 8: From energy policies to energy-related practices in France: the figure of the ‘consumer citizen’ as a normative compromise
The issue of public policies relating to changes in sustainable consumption has recently been raised in France and was a point of focus during the ‘Grenelle de l’Environnement’, a consultancy and decision-making system bringing together, for the first time, environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs), companies, trade unions, members of parliament and government officials. However, since the 1970s, France has been faced with the issue of behavioural changes in energy consumption. This chapter examines the question of the behavioural changes driven by energy-saving policies in France. In particular, the recent history of energy-saving policies has led to the emergence of the ‘consumer citizen’ in relation to market-framed policy devices. Yet analysis of certain public policies (using energy-saving light bulbs for lighting, thermal renovation via the sustainable development tax credit) shows that while frameworks for consumption behaviour can be quite effective when it comes to designing policy, there are shifts and ‘spillover effects’ in the interlinking and confrontation between the figure of the ‘consumer citizen’ and the actual practices of households and of all the actors involved. Finally, energy practices in French households demonstrate a multitude of social logics either favouring or restricting energy-saving practices, both within ‘concerned’ social groups and amongst the ‘general public’, where the environmental argument is far from being a pertinent indicator of ‘energy care’.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.