Demand, Supply, Sustainability and Security
Edited by Raghbendra Jha, Raghav Gaiha and Anil B. Deolalikar
Chapter 5: Transmission of global food prices, supply response and impacts on the poor
There has been substantial discussion of what happened (and why) on world food markets between 2006 and 2008, and more recently, in 2010 and 2011 (Piesse and Thirtle, 2009; Gilbert, 2010; Headey and Fan, 2010; Timmer, 2010; Headey, 2011; OECD-FAO, 2011; Wright and Cafiero, 2011, to cite just a few). This chapter will not discuss those important issues, but will focus instead on two main 'downstream' topics. First, and primarily, the degree to which world price movements were transmitted to domestic farm and retail prices (and why), because neither farmers nor consumers interact directly with world markets. Second, a review of how food prices affect poverty in different types of countries.
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