Research Handbook on International Marine Environmental Law
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Research Handbook on International Marine Environmental Law

Edited by Rosemary Rayfuse

This authoritative Handbook examines the current state and the future needs of international law in addressing the key activities that pose threats to the marine environment. Its chapters explore the legal framework for protection of the marine environment, pollution of the marine environment, seabed activities and the marine environment, protection of marine biodiversity, regional approaches to the protection of the marine environment and climate change and the marine environment. Each chapter goes beyond a survey of existing law to identify the shortcomings in the legal regime and areas of critical research needed to address these shortcomings. This book provides significant insights into contemporary issues surrounding the efficacy of the regime created by the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention and details the further work needed to ensure the design and implementation of effective regulation and management of human activities that affect the marine environment.
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Chapter 13: Marine protected areas in areas beyond national jurisdiction

Glen Wright, Julien Rochette and Elisabeth Druel


Marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) represent approximately half of the planet’s surface and are critical providers of the ecosystem services on which humanity depends; yet only a tiny fraction of these areas are currently the subject of effective conservation measures. This chapter examines the current status of efforts to designate Marine protected areas (MPAs) in ABNJ, summarizing the legal and practical challenges and examining the efforts of regional and international sectoral bodies. The chapter then assesses the potential role that a new international agreement on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in ABNJ could play in the designation and management of MPAs.

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