Regulating Transport in Europe
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Regulating Transport in Europe

Edited by Mattias Finger and Torben Holvad

This book concerns the regulation of transport within a European context, covering air, inland waterways, rail, road passenger and freight, urban public transport, and short sea shipping. All these sectors have experienced substantial changes over the last two decades, in terms of ownership, competition and liberalisation, and the book explores the main transformations and their impacts. The authors address these issues, with a specific focus on the effects of the organisation and regulation of transport systems on their performance. They also provide timely policy recommendations, including possible European future policy initiatives.
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Chapter 5: Long-distance coach services in Europe

Didier van de Velde


While high-speed rail or airlines attract a lot of political and media attention, long-distance coach services tend to be much less visible. The coaching business also differs from the air and rail modes in that it mainly uses infrastructure that is already available for the general public (highways and motorways), requiring only smaller investments in suitable coach stations at attractive places in urban centres. Yet, long-distance(or ‘express’)coaches account for a substantial part of the mobility of Europe’s less wealthy citizens, especially in those countries that have appropriately (de)regulated this activity. Few international studies have been published on this topic. The report from the 114th Round Table organized by the European Conference of Ministers of Transport (ECMT) in 1999 (ECMT, 2001) was one such study, covering Britain, Poland, Sweden and the Euro lines organization. European National studies on the topic are scarce too, except perhaps in Britain, Sweden and Norway – three countries with a well-functioning deregulated coach market.

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