Regulating Transport in Europe
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Regulating Transport in Europe

Edited by Mattias Finger and Torben Holvad

This book concerns the regulation of transport within a European context, covering air, inland waterways, rail, road passenger and freight, urban public transport, and short sea shipping. All these sectors have experienced substantial changes over the last two decades, in terms of ownership, competition and liberalisation, and the book explores the main transformations and their impacts. The authors address these issues, with a specific focus on the effects of the organisation and regulation of transport systems on their performance. They also provide timely policy recommendations, including possible European future policy initiatives.
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Chapter 8: Short sea shipping in Europe: issues, policies and challenges

Adolf K.Y. Ng, Sergi Saurí and Mateu Turró


In the past three decades, the European shipping industry has undergone rapid transformation, both globally and domestically. Increasing competition from other continents in terms of fleet registration and shipbuilding, changes in freight flow patterns due to global economic development, progress in the establishment of the internal market of the European Union (EU) and growing concern about the environment has fostered some policy initiatives in maritime transportation aimed at improving the sector’s performance. In Europe, at least three types of freight shipping can be identified (for both deep and short sea shipping), namely liner, tramp and own shipping. They serve different requirements depending on the type of freight, packaging, services to be provided, shipment size, frequency of sailings, to name but a few. Liner shipping maintains regular services between specified ports at publicized schedules. They are mainly designed to carry unitized cargoes, notably containers, trailers and pallets. Tramps, widely known as the ‘maritime taxi’, do not sail on publicized schedules and are usually used by a single shipper for full shiploads – either for a single voyage or for more frequent use.

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