Research Handbook on International Courts and Tribunals
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Research Handbook on International Courts and Tribunals

Edited by William A. Schabas and Shannonbrooke Murphy

This collection takes a thematic and interpretive, system-wide and inter-jurisdictional comparative approach to the debates and controversies related to the growth of international courts and tribunals. By providing a synthetic overview and critical analysis of these developments from a variety of perspectives, it both contextualizes and stimulates future research and practice in this rapidly developing field.
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Chapter 15: Infrastructure

Maria Varaki


The unpredictable rise, during the last 20 years, of international dispute settlement mechanisms opened the academic Pandora’s box for both the disciplines of international law and international relations. Academic interest focused on the evolution and transformation of the various international tribunals, their diverse functionality, the limits of judicialization contrary to the flexibility of diplomatic action, the role of the international courts and tribunals in promoting a liberal ideology of the rule of law, their judicial impact on the ground and their quest for legitimacy and effectiveness. This latter scholarship also raised the phenomenon of uneven judicialization, or otherwise the parallel emergence of over-judicialization in some fields and regions and the lack of any dispute settlement system or of limited use in other areas of transaction and regions. Within that existing framework, this contribution will attempt to provide a critical overview of the particular phenomena, while at the same time addressing the emerging voices and initiatives for new tribunals covering other fields and regions. The question to be answered will be on the need and consequences for further judicialization in the broader area of the rule of law. KEYWORDS: judicialization, unevenness, proliferation, adjudication, liberalism, rule of law

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