Edited by Alain Fayolle and Dana T. Redford
Chapter 4: Entrepreneurship in Finland, Sweden and Norway: transferability of entrepreneurship educational programmes
This chapter compares conditions for and manifestations of entrepreneurship in Finland, Sweden and Norway. It does so as educational programmes and syllabuses are often transferred between countries and implemented without a theoretically based framework for considerations regarding local adjustments. This chapter then discusses the need for such adjustments and proposes a framework for local adjustments. The chapter presents an outline of antecedent, process and output when discussing conditions and perceptions leading to entrepreneurial behaviour. The chapter utilizes data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor research programme in order to compare the conditions the potential entrepreneur faces, the actions of entrepreneurs and the outcome of these entrepreneurial actions. The chapter then discusses how entrepreneurship programmes at university level have to be adjusted to the different settings for entrepreneurship in the local countries as the entrepreneurs experience it to be, and the entrepreneursí corresponding entrepreneurial actions. Entrepreneurship is considered to be an important mechanism for economic development through employment, innovation and welfare effect (Schumpeter, 1934; Acs and Audretsch, 1988). This understanding has led to a growing appreciation of the relevance of entrepreneurship education as a tool to gain such benefits (Fayolle and Kyrˆ, 2008). Higher Education Institutions have a responsibility for providing necessary competence for people wanting to develop their own business ideas into a successful enterprise or wanting to be able to help others develop and craft ideas into a viable business.
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