Challenges and Opportunities
Edited by Debra A. Major and Ronald J. Burke
Chapter 2: Models and frameworks underlying work–life research
Unraveling the numerous connections between work and other life roles has received substantial scholarly attention for nearly five decades. The initial focus of the ‘work–family’ literature in the 1960s and 1970s – primarily on the lives of dual-career families and particularly employed mothers – has expanded over the years to encompass a variety of phenomena, disciplines, and theoretical perspectives (Perry-Jenkins et al., 2000). It is customary to attribute this burgeoning interest in the work– family interface to changes in the demographic composition of the workforce (growing representation of women, dual-earner partners and single parents), shifts in societal norms and values (blurring of gender roles and increased attention paid to life balance), and changes in technology and global competitiveness that have blurred the boundaries between work and home domains and have left employees feeling increasingly stressed at work and insecure about their jobs (DiRenzo and Greenhaus, 2011; Eby et al., 2005; Greenhaus and Powell, 2006).
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