Handbook of Work–Life Integration Among Professionals
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Handbook of Work–Life Integration Among Professionals

Challenges and Opportunities

Edited by Debra A. Major and Ronald J. Burke

How work and family lives can be effectively managed has been a hot topic of public debate in recent years. This Handbook integrates current thinking and research evidence regarding how professionals navigate multiple life roles to achieve satisfaction and fulfillment.
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Chapter 2: Models and frameworks underlying work–life research

Jeffrey H. Greenhaus and Lieke L ten Brummelhuis


Unraveling the numerous connections between work and other life roles has received substantial scholarly attention for nearly five decades. The initial focus of the ‘work–family’ literature in the 1960s and 1970s – primarily on the lives of dual-career families and particularly employed mothers – has expanded over the years to encompass a variety of phenomena, disciplines, and theoretical perspectives (Perry-Jenkins et al., 2000). It is customary to attribute this burgeoning interest in the work– family interface to changes in the demographic composition of the workforce (growing representation of women, dual-earner partners and single parents), shifts in societal norms and values (blurring of gender roles and increased attention paid to life balance), and changes in technology and global competitiveness that have blurred the boundaries between work and home domains and have left employees feeling increasingly stressed at work and insecure about their jobs (DiRenzo and Greenhaus, 2011; Eby et al., 2005; Greenhaus and Powell, 2006).

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