Challenges and Opportunities
Edited by Debra A. Major and Ronald J. Burke
Chapter 7: Effects of gender and parenting on work–life integration
Experiences at the intersection of work and life depend – at least in part – on gender and parental status. Indeed, role (Katz and Kahn, 1978), social role and gender role (Eagly, 1987) theories are generally interpreted to make convergent predictions that women and parents will encounter more challenges at the work–life interface than men and non-parents. However, despite these theoretical predictions, empirical research on work–life integration provides mixed evidence. When examining both meta-analytic and study specific findings, some point to gender differences while others suggest there are no differences (e.g., Behson, 2002; Ford et al., 2007; Grzywacz and Marks, 2000; Kossek and Ozeki, 1998). Similarly, studies that contrast the experiences of men and women with and without children also offer mixed results (e.g., Frone, 2003; Hill et al., 2003; Hill, 2005).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.