Challenges and Opportunities
Edited by Debra A. Major and Ronald J. Burke
Chapter 15: Organizational policies supportive of work–life integration
Changes over the past 30 years in the relationship between work and family domains include, but are not limited to, the increasing percentage of families supported by dual incomes, growing numbers of single parents in the workforce, and greater gender integration into organizations (e.g., Hammer and Zimmerman, 2011). With these demographic and labor market changes has been a corresponding trend toward greater organizational adoption of work–life integration policies. In particular, US industry-based policies and supports for families developed in response to low unemployment in the 1980s and 1990s (Goodstein, 1994) have fueled the competition for high-quality workers, despite a lack of national leadership in the provision of federal supports for working families (Hammer et al., 2006). In fact, while the US has been repeatedly criticized for a failure to provide family supports at the national level compared to all other industrialized nations, US workplaces have been touted as being some of the best across the globe in the provision of work–life integration policies (Hammer et al., 2006; Kelly, 2006).
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