Handbook of Work–Life Integration Among Professionals
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Handbook of Work–Life Integration Among Professionals

Challenges and Opportunities

Edited by Debra A. Major and Ronald J. Burke

How work and family lives can be effectively managed has been a hot topic of public debate in recent years. This Handbook integrates current thinking and research evidence regarding how professionals navigate multiple life roles to achieve satisfaction and fulfillment.
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Chapter 18: Work–life balance and performance across countries: cultural and institutional approaches

Ariane Ollier-Malaterre, Natalia Sarkisian, Sarah Stawiski and Kelly M. Hannum


Management scholars devote increasing effort to identifying and understanding the influence of country contexts on individual attitudes and behaviors, striving to bridge the gap between macro and micro levels of research (Bamberger, 2008) and in particular to account for interactions among the individual, the organizational and the country levels (Lambert and Kossek, 2005). The field of work–family and work–life research, in particular, is an area where scholars have repeatedly emphasized the value of cross-national studies, because cultural expectations and institutional settings vary across societies (Bardoel and DeCieri, 2006; Kossek and Ollier-Malaterre, 2013; Lambert and Kossek, 2005; Ollier-Malaterre, 2009). The work–family field is increasingly conducting global comparative research; however, there are a number of challenges to this approach. First, at the theoretical level, there is a lack of research and consensus around simpler comparative frameworks able to capture the fundamental concepts at the core of work–family research, such as work–life balance, work–life conflict, work–life enrichment and boundary management preferences (Greenhaus and Allen, 2011).

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