Challenges and Opportunities
Edited by Debra A. Major and Ronald J. Burke
Chapter 18: Work–life balance and performance across countries: cultural and institutional approaches
Management scholars devote increasing effort to identifying and understanding the influence of country contexts on individual attitudes and behaviors, striving to bridge the gap between macro and micro levels of research (Bamberger, 2008) and in particular to account for interactions among the individual, the organizational and the country levels (Lambert and Kossek, 2005). The field of work–family and work–life research, in particular, is an area where scholars have repeatedly emphasized the value of cross-national studies, because cultural expectations and institutional settings vary across societies (Bardoel and DeCieri, 2006; Kossek and Ollier-Malaterre, 2013; Lambert and Kossek, 2005; Ollier-Malaterre, 2009). The work–family field is increasingly conducting global comparative research; however, there are a number of challenges to this approach. First, at the theoretical level, there is a lack of research and consensus around simpler comparative frameworks able to capture the fundamental concepts at the core of work–family research, such as work–life balance, work–life conflict, work–life enrichment and boundary management preferences (Greenhaus and Allen, 2011).
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