Global and Development Perspectives
Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos
Chapter 2: Gender and international migration: globalization, development and governance
Since the late 1980s, international migration has been one of the most debated of the diverse processes through which globalization has taken place. With an estimated 210 million people living outside their country of origin (ILO , 2010), international migration has touched the lives of almost everyone in both the sending and receiving countries of the Global South and the Global North. It has also generated major tensions in politics and policies that have, in turn, affected the ways in which migration has been experienced by different social groups and by men and women. From a gender perspective, we have witnessed the feminization of most migration flows, especially since the 1990s, with profound transformations in the structure of families and gender roles in the international division of labour. Sociologists and anthropologists provided some of the initial studies on international migration from a gender perspective (Ehrenreich and Hochschild, 2002; Parreñas, 2005; Herrera, 2006).Economists have subsequently contributed to the multi-and interdisciplinary character of these studies (Benería, 2008; Pérez Orozco, 2009; Lyberaki, 2011).
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