Global and Development Perspectives
Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos
Chapter 7: Gender, development and Asian migration in Spain: the Chinese case
In recent decades, the scientific literature on migration in Europe has revealed two phenomena that have acquired relevance: the feminization of migration flows and the fundamentally economic nature of these flows. Feminized migration flows are usually explained by the development of the process of the globalization of social reproductive tasks (Anthias and Lazaridis, 2000). Many of these migration flows, so visible in the contributions of contemporary research, correspond to the profile of female heads of households who become transnational mothers when their natal family left behind in the community of origin is economically dependent on their money transfers. In fact, money transfers by women constitute a large proportion of the global circulation of remittances (Parreñas, 2002). Numerous recent studies, in addition to that of Parreñas, have focused on the analysis of the women migrants’ productive role (Ehrenreich and Hochschild, 2002; Parreñas, 2001), as well as on their contribution to development (INSTRAW, 2006, 2007). In these studies the use of the remittances is emphasized through a gender perspective, especially for Latin American countries.
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