Global and Development Perspectives
Edited by Laura Oso and Natalia Ribas Mateos
Chapter 11: Women, gender, transnational migrations and mobility: focus on research in France
This chapter provides a brief overview of the literature in France focusing on gender and women in migration since the beginning of the 1990s. The time span covered corresponds to a turning point and a new phase in the European migration landscape triggered by the end of the bipolar world, its subsequent European enlargement, increasing globalization, transnationalization and the feminization of migratory flows. In order to avoid being trapped in the discourse on ‘rethinking migration’, on ‘new trends’ and ‘discoveries’, we cannot ignore the production of knowledge which has shaped the current highly interesting and multifaceted debate. The next section addresses the debates preceding the period we are focusing on, namely from the 1970s onwards. The subsequent sections will provide an overview of selected issues and trends in research. In spite of the diversity of origins, profiles and patterns of migration, paradoxically there is a persistence in stereotyping women as ‘passive victims’.
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