How Technology and Entrepreneurship are Shaping the Development of Industries and Companies
Edited by François Thérin
Chapter 11: Personal attributes of academic entrepreneurs
Are the personal attributes required for a successful general entrepreneur (non-academic) similar to those for an academic entrepreneur (academic scientist)? If they are, then we can just adapt the findings from studies of general entrepreneurs to academic entrepreneurs. Aldridge and Audretsch (2011), however, point out that it is unclear whether the findings concerning general entrepreneurs also hold for academic entrepreneurs. Although the general entrepreneurship literature is compelling, studies have not been explicitly linked to academic entrepreneurs (Goethner et al., 2009). In addition, the taxonomy of their findings is rarely presented comprehensively with the exception of the work by Rothaermel et al. (2007). Therefore, in this chapter, we will present a comprehensive discussion on the personal attributes of academic entrepreneurs based on empirical research over the last ten years. We focus on personal attributes because previous studies show that these have a stronger impact, or are more important determinants, than their departmentsí or universitiesí characteristics (Clarysse et al., 2011; DíEste and Patel, 2007; Gambardella et al., 2008). We find that these personal attributes, namely gender, age, status, social capital, attitudes, values, cognition, knowledge, ability, personal traits, human capital and motives, that are important determinants in general entrepreneurship are also consistently important determinants for academic entrepreneurship, with few exceptions. Some attributes may require a different unit or quality while some may be similar to general entrepreneurs. We also present suggestions for future research on academic entrepreneurship.
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