Principles and Standards for Benefit–Cost Analysis
Show Less

Principles and Standards for Benefit–Cost Analysis

Edited by Scott O. Farrow and Richard Zerbe, Jr.

Benefit–cost analysis informs which policies or programs most benefit society when implemented by governments and institutions around the world. This volume brings together leading researchers and practitioners to recommend strategies and standards to improve the consistency and credibility of such analyses, assisting analysts of all types in achieving a greater uniformity of practice.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 6: Developing general equilibrium benefit analyses for social programs: an introduction and example

H. Allen Klaiber and V. Kerry Smith


This chapter describes an approach for incorporating general equilibrium effects into benefit–cost analyses of social programs. To make our description tangible we selected a specific example: the evaluation of reductions in the resources available for public primary education. To highlight the general equilibrium effects of exogenous reductions in the resources used to produce education and its effect on measures of the quality of education, we use a locational sorting model applied to school districts in Maricopa County, AZ, USA. Several of these districts experienced teacher cuts in the 2009–10 school year. These cuts provide a tangible basis for illustrating how the model would work. General equilibrium effects allow non-market feedbacks to be aligned with the interrelationships between markets that are widely acknowledged in conventional multimarket analyses. In the context of sorting models, general equilibrium effects influence our understanding of both the severity and distribution of changes in household well-being arising as a result of changes to local social programs. Most discussions of the distinctions between partial equilibrium (PE) and general equilibrium (GE) frameworks for benefit–cost analysis focus on policies that directly alter the prices of marketed goods and services. Many follow the seminal contributions described in Just et al. (2004).

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.