A Developing Country Perspective
Edited by Pushpam Kumar and Ibrahim Thiaw
Chapter 13: Lessons learned and conclusions
From the examples, case studies and subsequent analysis provided in this volume, it can be concluded that payments for ecosystem services (PES) are one of the most cost-effective response measures for managing ecosystems. The analysis confirms that PES schemes offer financial incentives for local actors who provide ecosystem services outside of normal market transactions. Many PES schemes are now being implemented around the world, and cover four main ecosystem services: watershed services, carbon sequestration, landscape beauty and biodiversity conservation. Arriagada and Perrings (Chapter 2) explain that for PES schemes to succeed, they must successfully complete several steps: potential service providers must enrol in the scheme; providers must comply with the terms of their contract; and compliance must result in a change in the provision of the ecosystem service compared with what would have happened without the scheme.
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