Handbook of Research on Economic and Social Well-Being
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Handbook of Research on Economic and Social Well-Being

Edited by Conchita D’Ambrosio

The past decade has been characterized by a burgeoning interest in new concepts of individual and social well-being. The impetus for this new research has stemmed from increased demand from policy makers and civil society for measures of progress that go beyond the traditional measures of GDP, as well as improved datasets allowing individuals and households to be tracked over their life course. The aim of this Handbook is to chart these developments and provide extensive surveys of many of the recent themes that have emerged in the research literature. Some of the topics addressed include poverty. relative deprivation and satisfaction, economic insecurity, social exclusion and inequality, income and social polarization, and social fractionalization and diversity. Each topic is first analyzed from a theoretical perspective, followed by detailed empirical discussion.
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Chapter 8: Social exclusion: empirical findings

Bea Cantillon, András Gábos, Tim Goedemé and Ist ván György Tóth

Abstract

This chapter reviews some of the empirical trends in social exclusion in Europe. Particular attention is paid to European Union (EU) social indicators that are meant to measure social exclusion, as they often play a central role in policy evaluation. The chapter focuses on some of these measures, namely the at-risk-of-poverty indicator, the share of jobless households, and material deprivation. The authors analyse their trends and levels, as well as their interactions and overlap (from both a cross-sectional and a longitudinal perspective. Finally, the authors investigate the link of these indicators with employment and redistribution, which are central items for policy making related to social exclusion in the EU. The review suggests that trends and levels in social exclusion were disappointingly far from the policy goals set by the EU, and have worsened as a result of the financial crisis.

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