Handbook of Research on Economic and Social Well-Being
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Handbook of Research on Economic and Social Well-Being

Edited by Conchita D’Ambrosio

The past decade has been characterized by a burgeoning interest in new concepts of individual and social well-being. The impetus for this new research has stemmed from increased demand from policy makers and civil society for measures of progress that go beyond the traditional measures of GDP, as well as improved datasets allowing individuals and households to be tracked over their life course. The aim of this Handbook is to chart these developments and provide extensive surveys of many of the recent themes that have emerged in the research literature. Some of the topics addressed include poverty. relative deprivation and satisfaction, economic insecurity, social exclusion and inequality, income and social polarization, and social fractionalization and diversity. Each topic is first analyzed from a theoretical perspective, followed by detailed empirical discussion.
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Chapter 10: Poverty over time: empirical findings

Carlos Gradín, Olga Cantó and Coral del Río


In this chapter, we review the empirical literature on poverty over time that, since the end of the 1970s, has tried to find adequate answers to three main issues. The first is to provide an adequate measure of total inter-temporal poverty observed along a given time span in order to measure the relevance of chronic and transitory poverty. The second issue is to identify the main characteristics associated with each inter-temporal poverty type, its major determinants and consequences on individual well-being. Finally, a third key question is to identify which are the most effective policies in fighting against the poverty phenomenon by adequately focusing each alleviating policy on the individuals with a particular time poverty profile.

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