Edited by Conchita D’Ambrosio
Chapter 11: Vulnerability to poverty: theoretical approaches
Two competing strands exist within the theoretical literature on vulnerability to poverty, each with its own policy implications. Vulnerability may be seen as low expected utility, and thus stress the danger of self-perpetuating poverty, as the poor shy away from risky, yet necessary decisions to escape their hardship. Alternatively, vulnerability is often construed as expected poverty, and provides policy makers with a forward-looking viewpoint that both sheds light on and raises new questions on how best to formulate the targeting of social spending. This chapter provides an overview of the theoretical work underpinning each of these competing views.
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