Edited by Conchita D’Ambrosio
Chapter 19: Income and social polarization: theoretical approaches
The concept of polarization is related to the clustering of individuals forming groups in different parts of a given distribution. The existing relationship between polarization, socioeconomic stability and economic growth has contributed to motivating the interest in the study of polarization. In the empirical literature, polarization measures have often been used to explain episodes of social tension or conflict. This chapter aims at providing a wide overview of the different approaches that have been proposed so far in the conceptualization and measurement of polarization. Most contributions to the measurement of polarization can be classified into two categories: income polarization and social polarization measures. The former measure the extent to which individuals are clustered around local and opposing poles in the income distribution. The latter try to capture the notion of polarization related to non-income characteristics, such as ethnicity, race or religion. Both types of polarization measures are explored.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.