The review of the development of Chinese social protection in the last two chapters suggests that the system has been evolving over time. A key question is whether the trend of past changes will continue. And, if there are going to be some changes, then what are the factors that may bring them about? This chapter examines the trend in growing social protection spending and coverage and the factors that drive growth and possible reform in the near future. It will then examine the major social and economic changes that may affect the nature of social needs and will conclude by examining the challenges to the responses to these social needs.
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