Handbook of International Human Resource Development
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Handbook of International Human Resource Development

Context, Processes and People

Edited by Thomas Garavan, Alma McCarthy and Ronan Carbery

This Handbook draws on a global team of distinguished Human Resource Development and IHRD scholars to provide research and practice insights on a range of contemporary IHRD issues and challenges. The Handbook reviews a number of critical contextual dimensions that: shape the IHRD goals that organisations pursue; impact the IHRD systems, policies and practices that are implemented; and influence the types of IHRD research questions that are investigated. The Handbook examines the processes or actions taken by organisations to globalise IHRD practices and discusses important people development practices that come within the scope of IHRD.
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Chapter 5: IHRD: national cultural and cross-cultural perspectives

Yanqing Lai


This chapter provides a comprehensive review of the influential role of national culture on IHRD strategy, policy and practice in different national and cultural contexts. Situated within an analysis of contingency or fit theory, the relevance of national and cross-cultural difference in HRD theory and practice is explained first. Next, the primary studies examining the value dimensions of culture typologies are compared and contrasted. This is followed by a discussion of the influence of cross-cultural differences in defining and conceptualising HRD. Also, how the sociocultural dimensions shape the development and execution of actual HRD strategy, policies and practices in different national and cultural settings is discussed. Finally, implications for both future IHRD research and practices from a cross-cultural perspective are provided.

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