Context, Processes and People
Edited by Thomas Garavan, Alma McCarthy and Ronan Carbery
Chapter 5: IHRD: national cultural and cross-cultural perspectives
This chapter provides a comprehensive review of the influential role of national culture on IHRD strategy, policy and practice in different national and cultural contexts. Situated within an analysis of contingency or fit theory, the relevance of national and cross-cultural difference in HRD theory and practice is explained first. Next, the primary studies examining the value dimensions of culture typologies are compared and contrasted. This is followed by a discussion of the influence of cross-cultural differences in defining and conceptualising HRD. Also, how the sociocultural dimensions shape the development and execution of actual HRD strategy, policies and practices in different national and cultural settings is discussed. Finally, implications for both future IHRD research and practices from a cross-cultural perspective are provided.
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