Handbook of International Human Resource Development
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Handbook of International Human Resource Development

Context, Processes and People

Edited by Thomas Garavan, Alma McCarthy and Ronan Carbery

This Handbook draws on a global team of distinguished Human Resource Development and IHRD scholars to provide research and practice insights on a range of contemporary IHRD issues and challenges. The Handbook reviews a number of critical contextual dimensions that: shape the IHRD goals that organisations pursue; impact the IHRD systems, policies and practices that are implemented; and influence the types of IHRD research questions that are investigated. The Handbook examines the processes or actions taken by organisations to globalise IHRD practices and discusses important people development practices that come within the scope of IHRD.
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Chapter 10: IHRD, offshoring and outsourcing

Valerie Anderson and Vijay Pereira


This chapter examines the development of offshore outsourcing from an international HRD (IHRD) perspective. The chapter assesses the principal factors that influence the choice of offshore or outsourcing strategy in a globalised economy. Offshore outsourcing is an increasingly important feature of organisational strategic decision-thinking although it has been overlooked in the IHRD literature. Drawing on transaction cost economics theory, the resource-based view of the firm and resource dependency theory as well as different approaches to IHRD, a typology of offshore outsourcing contracts or partnerships: ‘tactical’, ‘strategic’ and ‘transformational’ are discussed. Making use of different perspectives to IHRD we identify implications for IHRD research, theory and practice in different offshoring or outsourcing contexts.The chapter concludes with an integrated model of offshore outsourcing and IHRD which provides the basis from which implications and priorities for IHRD research and practice can be identified with the potential to add to knowledge and practice in both HRD and international business and management more generally.

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