Issues, Challenges and National Policies
Edited by Khalid Bichou, Joseph S. Szyliowicz and Luca Zamparini
Chapter 14: Security in the Straits of Malacca in recent years
There has not been much news about the security situation in the Straits of Malacca in recent years. Underscoring this is the sharp decline of piracy cases in the Straits from the 38 attacks in 2004 as reported by the International Maritime Bureau (IMB). In 2006, 2007 and 2008, there were six, four and two cases, respectively, and there have been no piracy cases for three consecutive years from 2009 (New Strait Times, 2012). The decline in piracy cases in the Straits can be largely attributed to efforts of the littoral states to enhance security in the Straits such as the MALSINDO-coordinated patrol by the navies of the littoral states, the Eye in the Sky air patrol, the formation of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) and increased unilateral and bilateral patrols by the enforcement agencies. There has also been no recorded attempted, much less actual, terrorist attack in the Straits thanks to the efforts taken by the littoral states to protect the Straits from this particularly dangerous threat. Despite this, it is important to discuss two major developments that pose a real threat to lives and assets in this busy shipping lane. In recent years piracy and terrorism warrant close attention by the stakeholders of the Straits to ensure safety from these menacing threats.
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