Handbook of the International Political Economy of Trade
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Handbook of the International Political Economy of Trade

Edited by David Deese

David A. Deese brings together leading researchers and writers from different countries and disciplines in a coherent framework to highlight the most important and promising research and policy questions regarding international trade. The content includes fundamental theory about trade as international communication and its effects on growth and inequality; the domestic politics of trade and trends in government trade policies; the implications of bilateral and regional trade (and investment) agreements; key issues of how trade is governed globally; and how trade continues to define and advance globalization from immigration to the internet.
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Chapter 14: The EU, China and trade in ‘green’ technologies: cooperation and conflict

Maria Garcia


Since the Chinese leadership handover in November 2012, little has changed in the overarching dynamics of Sino-European economic relations. Trade and investment relations, a mainstay of the relationship over the past decades, have continued to solidify despite the financial crisis in Europe. They have led to the increased importance of China as a market and a source of inward investment. Behind the headlines of quotas, antidumping measures and other trade conflicts, China and the EU are key to each other’s economic survival, as the EU is China’s top trade partner and China is the EU’s second partner. Within the current environment, where policy-makers across the world propose exporting their way out of the crisis (particularly in high-value technological and knowledge-based products and services), their relative dependence on one another increases further. As both partners turn to the ‘greening’ of the economy as a response to the crisis, the opportunities for cooperation, as well as the risks of competition in the relationship, are heightened. The 2012–13 EU–China solar panel trade dispute and the 2011–12 dispute over rare earth mineral exports are significant examples of this new reality. Drawing on official policy documents and material from open-ended personal interviews with policy-makers and diplomats, this chapter presents an overview of these disputes within the context of the overarching Sino-European economic relationship.

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