Participation and Interaction in Foresight
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Participation and Interaction in Foresight

Dialogue, Dissemination and Visions

Edited by Kristian Borch, Sandra Dingli and Michael Søgaard Jørgensen

This illuminating book combines theory and practice to analyse the experiences and impacts of foresight activities in various European countries. It includes case studies with a focus on different societal issues including national development, science and technology, and sustainable development.
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Chapter 3: Stakeholder participation and dialogue in foresight

Ozcan Saritas, Lisa A. Pace and Serge I.P. Stalpers


Foresight has become an ‘institutional’ activity as more emphasis has been given to the active participation of stakeholders to shape the future of society. As a key element of foresight, participation improves the quality of foresight exercises through the engagement of both scientific and nonscientific knowledge, and stakeholder values and preferences. It is through the participation of stakeholders and a process of dialogue that mutual understanding and learning among participants are achieved, which increases the legitimacy of foresight exercises. The overall aim of this chapter is to strengthen the foresight literature with novel concepts and ideas which are rooted in the participation literature. This will assist foresight researchers and practitioners to better understand various rationales of participation and to determine the type and extent of participation that is desirable for different types of foresight exercises. This objective is largely achieved, initially through a review of the participation literature as a useful input for the current foresight literature, which is also reviewed extensively. The chapter therefore presents a synthesis of the relevant literature, which constitutes a practical reference for foresight practitioners on how to accomplish and sustain participation and dialogue in foresight.

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