Participation and Interaction in Foresight
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Participation and Interaction in Foresight

Dialogue, Dissemination and Visions

Edited by Kristian Borch, Sandra Dingli and Michael Søgaard Jørgensen

This illuminating book combines theory and practice to analyse the experiences and impacts of foresight activities in various European countries. It includes case studies with a focus on different societal issues including national development, science and technology, and sustainable development.
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Chapter 12: Hungarian educational foresight: ‘vocational training and future’

Éva Hideg, Erzsébet Nováky and Tamás Kristóf


The goal of this study is to enrich the empirical background of European foresight interaction through a Hungarian educational foresight case from the 1990s, applying the concept and analytical framework elaborated in this publication. The study presents the key details and results of the foresight case ‘Vocational training and future’ in accordance with the evolved dialogue-vision-dissemination structure on the selected foresight cases from different European countries. The reason for choosing this foresight case is the fact that the ten years which have elapsed since its completion allow for the objective evaluation of all the three fields. The roots of Hungarian foresight date back to the 1970s; however, at that time foresight was called by the Hungarian term for ‘futurology’. In the first decade of its history, the most important mission of foresight was to underpin the goals and objectives of the long-term national economic planning system by creating global, regional and country level future images. Therefore, the vision and scenario building part of the Hungarian foresight culture builds on more than thirty years of history. Expert and participatory methods began to spread in the 1980s.

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