Handbook on European Competition Law
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Handbook on European Competition Law

Enforcement and Procedure

Edited by Ioannis Lianos and Damien Geradin

Handbook on European Competition Law: Enforcement and Procedure sets out in detail the procedural aspects of EU competition law, ranging from fines, remedies and judicial review. It also gives unique insight into both private and public enforcement of completion law, and offers commentary on the relationship between EU competition law and national competition law, and on the relationship between competition law and private international law.
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Chapter 9: Judicial review in EU competition law

Heike Schweitzer


A principled and well-functioning regime of judicial review is a fundamental part of the European Union’s commitment to the rule of law, and of particular relevance in the field of EU competition law: over the last 50 years, the EU Commission has become one of the most powerful competition authorities worldwide. Efforts to strengthen private enforcement not with standing, the EU heavily relies on public enforcement to implement its competition rules. The EU Commission is at the center of this public enforcement regime. It is a specific feature of the EU Commission’s enforcement powers that it combines investigative, prosecutorial and decision-making powers. The risk of a prosecutorial bias is an obvious corollary of such an institutional design. Apart from procedural guarantees during the administrative proceedings and internal checks and balances, it must be countered by a strong and efficient regime of judicial review.

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