The Changing Welfare State in Europe
Show Less

The Changing Welfare State in Europe

The Implications for Democracy

Edited by David G. Mayes and Anna Michalski

The welfare state in Europe has been reformed gradually over the past two decades, with the intensification of the economic and monetary union and the addition of fifteen new members to the EU. This book explores the pressures that have been placed on the welfare state through a variety of insightful and thought-provoking contributions.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 2: Social models in the enlarged European Union

David G. Mayes and Zaidah Mustaffa


The purpose of this chapter is to explore the way in which the developments of the last decade have altered the nature of the structure of European welfare systems. Up until recently it was accepted that welfare systems in the EU could be characterized under four general headings: ëAnglo-Saxoní, ëContinentalí, ëScandinavianí and ëSoutherní (see Muffels et al., 2002; Sapir, 2006), although the exact titles and countries included varied among studies. The characteristics can readily be summarized under what is described as the ëwelfare triangleí (see Figure 2.1, which is adapted from Muffels et al.). However, this neatness is being disturbed by three main factors. Most obviously there are 12 new member states, drawn primarily from central and eastern Europe. Second, welfare regimes have been subjected to the forces of globalization and integration. Indeed, the EU has been encouraging a process of mutual learning through the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) that applies in this area, which has been a contribution to countries adopting some of the better ideas from their neighbours and hence blurring the boundaries. Last, as pointed out by Schelkle (2008), welfare systems are not homogeneous. Countries do not necessarily approach education and health in the same way that they approach employment, disability or old age. There is variety even within the provision of public services, such as libraries, transport and public open spaces in a single country.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.