Conceptual Richness and Methodological Diversity in Entrepreneurship Research
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Conceptual Richness and Methodological Diversity in Entrepreneurship Research

Edited by Alain Fayolle, Paula Kyrö, Tonis Mets and Urve Venesaar

This important book identifies the current developments within entrepreneurship that are characterized by conceptual richness and methodological diversity. It presents the latest developments of topics such as the entrepreneurial mindset, culture and values as well as advances in entrepreneurship education and development. The contributors open the field for methodological renewal by introducing the current state of and opportunities for explorative research in entrepreneurship.
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Chapter 3: The role of researchers’ motivations in the genesis of academic spin-off companies

Giancarlo Lauto, Massimo Bau’ and Cristiana Compagno


Spin-off companies play a key role in the mechanisms that universities enact to extract the industrial and commercial potential of the outcomes of scientific knowledge (Rothaermel et al., 2007). Ventures founded by scientists to exploit their discoveries and inventions are a powerful driver of innovation and economic growth, and represent a source of industrial change (Shane, 2004). For these reasons, science policy includes technology transfer among the “missions” of scientific profession, together with research and teaching (Etzkowitz, 2003).The activation of entrepreneurial process in academia is contingent on the interplay of factors at three distinct levels (Grimaldi et al., 2011): national and regional system of innovation, university strategy, and individual determinants. The literature has focused mainly on the first two dimensions, while the amount of attention given to the drivers for individual determinants is more scarce and recent (for example Colyvas and Powell, 2007; Jain et al., 2009; Clarysse et al., 2011).

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